If you are serious about learning to play the guitar you need to learn chord theory in order to improve your skill level. A chord is known as a group of 3 or more notes and all music is composed using chords and scales. Although there are a number of different chords there are four main categories of chords you need to know.
These four main chords you need to know about are major, minor, diminished, and augmented. Every other chord chord are just variations of those 4 basic chords. Each of these 4 chords have a different sound so you’ll need to be able to tell the difference between these 4 basic chords just by listening to them.
You should be able to hear a chord and quickly recognize whether it’s a minor, major, or dominant chord. In this guitar lesson online we’ll go over major chords and minor chords. It’s important to get familiar with major chords because just about every song ever written on an acoustic or electric guitar contains major chords.
The first, third, and fifth notes of the major scale are what makes up a major chord. If you aren’t familiar with major scales yet keep the following in mind to find your chords notes. The root or first note will always be the same name as the chord.
To find the second note of a major chord which is the the third, you just go up 4 half steps from the root. Now to find your last note which is the fifth, just go up 3 half steps from the third. This rule applies for every major chord so make sure you remember this.
Minor chords share the same characteristics of major chords but they have a deeper sound. Just like playing the major chords you just need to find your notes to make minor chords. You’ll still need to find the root, the third, and the fifth. Instead your minor chord will have a root, minor third, and a perfect fifth, which is also known as a minor triad.
To find the root in a minor chord is the same as in a major chord, it’s always the chords name. Next, you’ll need to go up 3 half steps from the root to arrive at the 2nd note the minor third. Now to find the final note the perfect fifth, you’ll just go up 4 half steps from the minor third. Remember that these rules apply to every minor chord.